September 11 Tragedy
Country : United States
The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed almost 3,000 people and caused at least $10 billion in property and infrastructure damage.
On September 11, 2001, at 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors.
evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras
broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident.
Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767–United Airlines
Flight 175–appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade
Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision
caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding
buildings and the streets below. America was under attack.
The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America’s support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East.
Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and had taken flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. Others had slipped into the country in the months before September 11 and acted as the “muscle” in the operation. The 19 terrorists easily smuggled box-cutters
and knives through security at three East Coast airports and boarded four
flights bound for California, chosen
because the planes were loaded with fuel for the long transcontinental journey.
Soon after takeoff, the terrorists commandeered the four planes and took the
controls, transforming ordinary commuter jets into guided missiles.
At the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan, 2,753 people are killed when hijacked American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 are intentionally crashed in the north and south towers. Of those who perish during the initial attacks and the subsequent collapses of the towers, 343 are New York City firefighters, another 23 are New York City police officers and 37 others are officers at the Port Authority. The victims range in age from two to 85 years. Approximately 75-80 percent of the victims are men.
At the Pentagon in
Washington, 184 people are killed when hijacked American Airlines Flight 77
crashes into the building. Near Shanksville,
Pennsylvania, 40 passengers and crew members aboard United Airlines Flight 93
die when the plane crashes into a field. It is believed that the hijackers
crashed the plane in that location, rather than their unknown target, after the
passengers and crew attempted to retake control of the flight deck.
The National September 11 Memorial & Museum, designed by architect Michael Arad and landscape architect Peter Walker, is a tribute of remembrance and honor to the nearly 3,000 people killed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. The eight-acre Memorial consists of two reflecting pools, each nearly an acre in size, which feature the largest manmade waterfalls in North America. The pools lie within the footprints of where the Twin Towers once stood and the names of those who perished in 2001 and in 1993 are inscribed on bronze parapets surrounding the pools.
About Memorial and Museum:
1- The names of the 2,983 people who died on September 11, 2001, and February 26, 1993 are inscribed on bronze panels surrounding two reflecting pools.
2- The parapets serve as a powerful reminder of the largest loss of life resulting from a foreign attack on American soil and the greatest single loss of rescue personnel in American history.
3- Spread over 8 acres, the Memorial is accented with more than 400 Swamp White Oak trees, which can reach heights of up to 60 feet and live up to 300 years.
4- To build the Memorial, construction required a total of 65,000 cubic yards of concrete, coupled with 8,658 tons of steel.
5- The 9-11 Museum, slated to open in 2014, will feature the "slurry wall," a surviving retaining wall of the original World Trade Center that withstood the devastation of 9/11.
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